Effect of Pre-Test Drying Temperature on the Properties of Lateritic Soils.


  • L. O. Afolagboye Department of Geology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Z. O. Arije Department of Geology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • A. O. Talabi Department of Geology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • O. O. Owoyemi Department of Geology, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria


Lateritic soil, Pre-test drying temperature, Index properties, Oven drying


The properties of residual soils, according to literature, are sensitive to the pre-test drying method given to the sample prior to testing. Similarly, residual soils such as laterites/lateritic soils are formed under various climatic conditions, hence they show different degrees of sensitivity to pretest drying method. This work is therefore carried out to elucidate the influence of pre-test drying temperature or method on the properties of three lateritic soils that developed over three different Pre-Cambrian basement complex rocks from Ado-Ekiti, SW, Nigeria. The soils were subjected to three pre-test drying temperature before conducting laboratory tests. The pre-test drying temperature considered in this study include air-drying, oven-drying at 60° C, and oven-drying at 110° C. Pre-test drying at 60° and 110° C caused particle aggregation (which reduced the soil surface are) and loss of cohesion. Consequently, this reduced the specific gravity, optimum moisture content, clay content, consistency limits, and unconfined compressive strength of the lateritic soils. The maximum dry density and sand content increased as the pre-test drying temperature increases. The pre-test drying temperature did not significantly change the plasticity classification of the soils, however, at higher pre-test temperature the soils become less plastic. The free swell index of the lateritic soils increased with increasing pre-test drying temperature (up to 60° C) before decreasing when the temperature rose to 110° C. This study has revealed the effect pre-test drying temperature may have on the properties of lateritic soils and these may produce  soil properties that may not likely indicate the actual field performance of the tested soils.


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How to Cite

Effect of Pre-Test Drying Temperature on the Properties of Lateritic Soils. (2023). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 5(1), 1109. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2023.1109



Original Research

How to Cite

Effect of Pre-Test Drying Temperature on the Properties of Lateritic Soils. (2023). Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 5(1), 1109. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2023.1109