Mathematical Models and Comparative Analysis for Rice and Soya Bean Irrigation Crop Water Needs: A Case Study of Bida Basin Niger State, Nigeria
Keywords:Bida Basin, Crop water coefficient, Evapotranspiration
In this manuscript, mathematical models for cropping water need (C.W.N) and the size of land for irrigation (S.L.I) were formulated. The solutions of the models for Crop water need for Soya beans and Rice, and the size of land for irrigation (S.L.I) of the two crops was obtained. We fill the gap by considering the size of the irrigation land which is not considered by the Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A.O). The computational Method of solutions is carried out to get effective results. The climatic data of the study area (Bida Basin) under which our research is based includes: Rainfall, Humidity, Sunshine hours, minimum and maximum temperature, evapotranspiration were secondary data collected from Nigeria Metrological Society (NIMET). We compared the results of CROPWAT 8.0 software developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A. O) and our computational method so that we can arrive at a new finding and better results. The results for the computational method with the size of Land for irrigation shows that there is an increase in crop water need for the crops than the results of CROPWAT 8.0 software developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A. O) in which the size for the land is not considered. We therefore, recommended that the integral calculus can be used to estimate the irregular shape of the size of the land if the land shape is not in rectangular form before solutions are given for accuracy and effective results.
M. N. Nkodo, F. C. Van zyi, H. Keuris, & B. Schreiner, “Proposed National Water resources Strategy 2 (NWRS) Summary Cape Town”, Department of Water A air, South Africa, 2012.
Food and Agriculture of the United Nation - state of the Rome world’s, https//www.faoorg/011/1035e00htm, 2010.
A.Y. Solomon, M. Girma, & M. Mengistu, “Determination of Crop Water Requirements for maize in Abshege Wreda, Gurage Zone, Ethiopia”, Journal of earth science and climatic Change 9 (2018) 2157.
W.Z. Wenken, W. Dai, & Y. Zhao, A quantitative Analysis of Hydraulic Interaction Process in Stream Aquifer System”. Journal of science education and Agronomy Journal 3 (2016) 426.
P. Rijwana, “A Study on the Crop Water Requirement for Agriculture in Typical River Basin of India”, International Journal of Water Research 2 (2014) 67.
I. N. Abdullahi, “Estimating Aquifer Hydraulic properties in Bida Basin, Central Nigeria using Empirical methods”, Journal of Earth Science Research 2 (2013) 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/esr.v2n1p209
D.M. Onyancha, D.M. KGachene, C.K. Kironchi, “F.A.O – crop model – Based estimation of the crop water need of major crops in Mwala Machas Kos county”, Journal of Ecology 2 (2018). 80.
H. Mehanuddin, G.R. Nikitha, K. S. Praspithishree, L.B. Praveen & H.G. Manasa, “Study on the crop water requirement of selected crops and irrigation scheduling using Crop wat 8.0”, Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology 7 (2018) 2347.
R. Doria, C.A. Madramostoo, & B.B. Medi, “Estimation of future crop water requirement for 2020 and 2050 using Crop wat 8.0”, IEEE EIC Climate Change Conference, 2016. 359
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences (JNSPS) is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY-NC) license. This license was developed to facilitate open access, namely, it allows articles to be freely downloaded and to be re-used and re-distributed without restriction, as long as the original work is correctly cited. More specifically, anyone may copy, distribute or reuse these articles, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article, mine the article even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s).
- A. F. Afolabi, S. S. Oluyamo, I. A. Fuwape, Synthetic characterization and Structural Properties of Nanocellulose from Moringa oleifera seeds , Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences: Volume 3, Issue 3, August 2021
You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.