Fabrication and Characterization of a Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell using Natural Dye Extract of Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as Photosensitizer

https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2021.346

Authors

  • A. A. Willoughby Redeemer’s University, Faculty of Natural Science, Department of Physical Sciences, Gbongan-Osogbo Expressway, Akoda Ede, Osun State, Nigeria, 232102
  • A. A. Soge Redeemer’s University, Faculty of Natural Science, Department of Physical Sciences, Gbongan-Osogbo Expressway, Akoda Ede, Osun State, Nigeria, 232102
  • O. F. Dairo Redeemer’s University, Faculty of Natural Science, Department of Physical Sciences, Gbongan-Osogbo Expressway, Akoda Ede, Osun State, Nigeria, 232102
  • O. D. Olukanni Redeemer's University, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, Gbongan-Osogbo Expressway, Akoda Ede, Osun State, Nigeria, 232102
  • E. U. Durugbo Redeemer’s University, Faculty of Natural Science, Department of Biological Sciences, Gbongan-Osogbo Expressway, Akoda Ede, Osun State, Nigeria, 232102
  • W. S. Michael Redeemer’s University, Faculty of Natural Science, Department of Physical Sciences, Gbongan-Osogbo Expressway, Akoda Ede, Osun State, Nigeria, 232102
  • T. A. Adebayo Redeemer’s University, Faculty of Natural Science, Department of Chemical Sciences, Gbongan-Osogbo Expressway, Akoda Ede, Osun State, Nigeria, 232102

Keywords:

natural dyes, energy conversion efficiency, photosensitizers, absorption spectra, anchorage, dye-sensitized solar cells

Abstract

The relatively low energy conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) is a key challenge hindering the commercialization of the solar cell. The photochemical performance of the dye used as a photosensitizer for the DSSC greatly determines the efficiency of the solar cell. This study demonstrates the suitability of dye extracted from rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) flowers as a photosensitizer for a DSSC. The natural dye was extracted using the acid water extraction method and was characterized using FTIR spectroscopy and UV–vis spectrophotometry. The absorption spectra of the dye were examined to determine the aptness of the dye as a photosensitizer in DSSCs. The IR absorption spectra of the extracted dye confirmed both amine and hydroxyl compounds as functional groups in the natural dye, which established the suitability of the dye as a photosensitizer in DSSCs.The UV-vis absorption spectra of the natural dye within the visible region illustrate that the aqueous extract from rosella flowers has stable absorption of visible light, thus validating the natural dye as a good candidate for photosensitizer in a DSSC. The fabricated DSSC delivered a short-circuit current of 5 ?A and an open-circuit voltage of 0.637 V.

Dimensions

M. S. Su’ait, M. Y. A. Rahman & A. Ahmad, “Review on polymer electrolyte in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)”, Solar Energy 115 (2015) 452. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2015.02.043

S. Mozaffari, M. R. Nateghi & M. B. Zarandi, “An overview of the Challenges in the commercialization of dye sensitized solar cells”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 71 (2017) 675. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.12.096

H. Iftikhar, G. G. Sonai, S. G. Hashmi, A. F. Nogueira & P. D. Lund, “Progress on electrolytes development in dye-sensitized solar cells”, Materials 12 (2019) 1998. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12121998

F. Bittner, T. Oekermann & M. Wark, “Scale-up of the electrodeposition of ZnO/Eosin Y hybrid thin films for the fabrication of flexible dye-sensitized solar cell modules”, Materials 11 (2018) 232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11020232

I. Juhász Junger, D. Wehlage, R. Böttjer, T. Grothe, L. Juhász, C. Grassmann, T. Blachowicz & A. Ehrmann, “Dye-sensitized solar cells with electrospun nanofiber mat-based counter electrodes”, Materials 11 (2018) 604. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11091604

S. Hashmi, D. Martineau, X. Li, M. Ozkan, A. Tiihonen, M. Dar, T. Sarikka, S. Zakeeruddin, J. Paltakari, P. Lund and et al., “Air Processed Inkjet Infiltrated Carbon Based Printed Perovskite Solar Cells with High Stability and Reproducibility”, Adv. Mater. Technol. 2 (2017) 1600183. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/admt.201600183

S. Hashmi, M. Ozkan, J. Halme, K. Misic, S. Zakeeruddin, J. Paltakari, M. Grätzel & P. Lund, “High performance dye-sensitized solar cells with inkjet printed ionic liquid electrolyte”, Nano Energy 17 (2015) 206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.08.019

A. Fakharuddin, R. Jose, T. M. Brown, F. Fabregat-Santiago & J. Bisquert, “A perspective on the production of dye-sensitized solar modules”, Energy & Environmental Science 7 (2014) 3952. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C4EE01724B

D. S. Lim, K. W. Park, A. A. Wiles & J. Hong, “Metal-free organic chromophores featuring an ethynyl-thienothiophene linker with an n-hexyl chain for translucent dye-sensitized solar cells”, Materials 12 (2019) 1741. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12111741

A. Hagfeldt, G. Boschloo, L. Sun, L. Kloo & H. Pettersson, “Dye-sensitized solar cells”, Chemical reviews 110 (2010) 6595. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/cr900356p

H. J. Snaith, “Estimating the maximum attainable efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20 (2010) 13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200901476

K. Kakiage, Y. Aoyama, T. Yano, K. Oya, J. I. Fujisawa & M. Hanaya, “Highly-efficient dye-sensitized solar cells with collaborative sensitization by silyl-anchor and carboxy-anchor dyes”, Chemical communications 51 (2015) 15894. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C5CC06759F

J. Wu, Z. Lan, J. Lin, M. Huang, Y. Huang, L. Fan & G. Luo, “Electrolytes in dye-sensitized solar cells”, Chemical reviews 115 (2015) 2136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/cr400675m

B. Sebo, N. Huang, Y. Liu, Q. Tai, L. Liang, H. Hu, S. Xu & X. Z. Zhao, “Dye-sensitized solar cells enhanced by optical absorption, mediated by TiO 2 nanofibers and plasmonics Ag nanoparticles”, Electrochimica Acta 112 (2013) 458. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.08.167

J. Macaira, L. Andrade & A. Mendes, “Review on nanostructured photoelectrodes for next generation dye-sensitized solar cells”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review 27 (2013) 334. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.07.011

R. C. C. & R. Prasanth, “A critical review of recent developments in nano-materials for photoelectrodes in dye sensitized solar cells”, Journal of Power Sources 317 (2016) 120. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.03.016

M. Wu & T. Ma, “Platinum-free catalysts as counter electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells”, Chem. Sus. Chem. 5 (2012) 1343. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201100676

Y. Amao & T. Komori, “Bio-photovoltaic conversion device using chlorine-e6 derived from chlorophyll from Spirulina adsorbed on a nanocrystalline TiO 2 film electrode”, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 19 (2004) 843. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2003.08.003

E. M. Abdou, H. S. Hafez, E. Bakir & M. S. A. Abdel-Mottaleb, “Photo-stability of low cost dye-sensitized solar cells based on natural and synthetic dyes”, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 115 (2013) 202. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2013.05.090

S. Hao, J. Wu, Y. Huang & J. Lin, “Natural dyes as photosensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cell”, Solar energy 80 (2006) 209. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2005.05.009

K. Tennakone, G. Kumara, A. Kumarasinghe, P. Sirimanne & K. Wijayantha, “Efficient photosensitization of nanocrystalline TiO 2 films by tannins and related phenolic substances”, J. Photoch. Photobio. 94 (1996) A94. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/1010-6030(95)04222-9

C. Sudhakar, T. Selvankumar, K. Selvam & M. Govindaraju, “Bauhinia purpurea L. flower mediated dye used as sensitizers for TiO 2 based dye-sensitized solar cells”, International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering 2 (2016) 209.

A. Reda, S. Tadesse & T. Yohannes, “Dye-sensitized solar cell using natural dyes extracted from Morus atba Lam fruit and Striga hermonthica flower”, Journal of Photonics for Energy 4 (2014) 043091. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.4.043091

T. S. Senthil, M. Thambidurai, N. Muthukumarasamy, R. Balasundaraprabhu & S. Agilan, “Preparation and Characterization of Sol-Gel Spin Coated Nanocrystalline TiO 2 Films”, Advanced Science Letters 4 (2011) 3649. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2011.1913

H. Chang & Y. J. Lo, “Pomegranate leaves and mulberry fruit as natural sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells”, Solar energy 84 (2010) 1833. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2010.07.009

N. M. Gómez-Ort??z, I. A. Vázquez-Maldonado, A. R. Pérez-Espadas, G. J. Mena-Rejón, J. A. Azamar-Barrios & G. Oskam, “Dye-sensitized solar cells with natural dyes extracted from achiote seeds”, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 94 (2010) 40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2009.05.013

A. R. Hernandez-Martinez, M. Estevez, S. Vargas, F. Quintanilla & R. Rodriguez, “New dye-sensitized solar cells obtained from extracted bracts of Bougainvillea glabra and spectabilis betalain pigments by different purification processes”, International journal of molecular sciences 12 (2011) 5565. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12095565

P. Trihutomo, S. Soeparman, D. Widhiyanuriyawan & L. Yuliati, “Performance improvement of dye-sensitized solar cell-(DSSC-) based natural dyes by clathrin protein”, International Journal of Photoenergy 2019 (2019) 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4384728

Excited Electronic States: Electronic Spectroscopy of Molecules (3rd February 2016). https://chem.libretexts.org/@go/page/44497 (Accessed on 13th September 2021).

Absorbance

Published

2021-11-29

How to Cite

Willoughby, A. A., Soge, A. A. ., Dairo, O. F. ., Olukanni, O. D., Durugbo, E. U. ., Michael, W. S. ., & Adebayo, T. A. (2021). Fabrication and Characterization of a Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell using Natural Dye Extract of Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as Photosensitizer. Journal of the Nigerian Society of Physical Sciences, 3(4), 287–291. https://doi.org/10.46481/jnsps.2021.346

Issue

Section

Original Research

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.